Draft Maritime Spatial Plan 2030

Maritime spatial planning is based on the EU’s Maritime Spatial Planning Directive (2014/89/EU), which was implemented in Finland in the Land Use and Building Act (MRL 8 a).

The purpose of maritime spatial planning is to promote sustainable development and growth of different uses of the maritime area, the sustainable use of natural resources, and achievement of a good status of the marine environment.

The main themes taken into consideration in the plan are: energy sectors, maritime transport, fisheries and aquaculture, tourism, recreational use, as well as conservation, protection and improvement of the environment and nature. In addition, issues that must be considered under the law are the interaction between land and sea, the characteristics of maritime regions and national defence needs. Other recognised values and activities are cultural historical values, extractive industries, marine industry and blue biotechnology.

The maritime spatial plan will be updated in every 10 years.

A maritime spatial plan is a strategic development document for blue economy operations that fosters the good status of the marine environment and is shown on a map. Markings are used to show by means of symbols the values of marine areas, and the future potentials of existing and possible new operations and their alternative placement in all of Finland’s marine areas. The plan is not legally binding but evaluation of its indirect effects and its impact is part of the planning process.

The maritime spatial plan is a strategic view, formed together with stakeholder groups, of the sustainable use of a marine area and of supporting the good status of the marine environment.

The plan is a strategic development document which identifies in general terms the areas’ opportunities for multipurpose use and supports the harmonisation of maritime operations.

The plans look to the future and describe the target status for 2030.

The plan identifies the current and future potentials and synergies of maritime industries and the marine environment. By its nature, the plan opens up opportunities rather than excluding them.

Seamless collaboration across sectors, regions and national borders is important in drawing up the plan.

The plan has indirect steering impacts; as a tool for spatial planning it supports regional land use planning and regional development by producing information about the opportunities and framework conditions of maritime industries and the marine environment. However, the plan is not legally binding and does not form part of the land use planning system or land use plan hierarchy.

The impact of the plan arises by virtue of the planning process, in other words through the common understanding reached by the stakeholder groups, as well as through the commitment to the plan and the ownership experienced regarding it. The impact of the maritime spatial plan also arises from its link with national, regional and sectoral policy guidelines and strategies, and regional programmes and their realisation, and from supporting the goals of regional land use planning, regional development projects and natural resource plans and other maritime management plans.

The maritime spatial plan also examines the marine environment more broadly through ecosystem services and land-sea interactions.

Instructions

The plan indicates areas of significance and with potential. The markings in the plan are not intended to reserve areas for a particular purpose and should not be interpreted as such. Operations may also take place other than in the areas identified in the plan.

The scale is 1:750,000, with the option to zoom in to 1:577,000.

The map markings can be seen in more detail by clicking on them. This provides information about the name of the location and a more detailed clarification, and a description of the marking.

Note that markings may overlap each other.

When viewing the map, background data can be accessed, providing additional information, e.g. on conservation areas.

Gulf of Finland

Regional councils of Uusimaa and Kymenlaakso

Archipelago Sea and southern part of Bothnian Sea

Regional Councils of Southwest Finland and Satakunta

Northern Bothnian Sea, Quark and Bothnian Bay

Regional councils of Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, North Ostrobothnia and Lapland

Finland’s eight coastal regions collaborate to ensure the coherence between the three maritime spatial plans. The Åland Islands are responsible for drafting the maritime spatial plan for their own region. The national responsible authority for the maritime spatial plan is the Ministry of the Environment, which is responsible for the development and steering of the general maritime spatial plan, and for international cooperation with neighbouring countries.

Maritime spatial plans in Finland cover territorial waters and the exclusive economic zone from the coastline.