Blue biotechnology

In terms of maritime spatial planning, blue biotechnology refers to biomass produced and collected at sea and its production potential.

International goals emphasise the promotion of blue biotechnology, the fair use of genetic resources, the production of new foods, and the production of cosmetics, biochemicals and pharmaceuticals. Getting applications to the commercial phase has been identified as a challenge in research. Building cooperation around water treatment and recycling, for example, is essential in this field.

National goals include increasing the use of Finnish fish, increasing the cultivation and value of algae, making use of side streams and supporting the creation of industrial symbioses.

Blue technology is closely linked to other sectors, so the development goals related to blue biotechnology intersect with other maritime sectors. High added-value fish products in particular represent the core content of blue biotechnology.


Cyprus Presidency of the Council of the European Union (2012). Declaration of the European Ministers responsible for the Integrated Maritime Policy and the European Commission, on a Marine and Maritime Agenda for growth and jobs (Limassol Declaration).

European Commission (2012). Blue Growth, Opportunities for marine and maritime sustainable growth.

European Commission (2014). Sustainable Blue Growth Agenda for the Baltic Sea Region.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (2016). Nordic Roadmap for Blue Bioeconomy.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (2016). National Development Plan for Blue Bioeconomy 2025.

Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment (2014). Suomi kestävän luonnonvaratalouden edelläkävijäksi 2050 [Finland leads the way in a sustainable natural resource economy in 2050]. Publications of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment 24/2014.

Prime Minister’s Office (2017). Government Resolution on Finland’s strategy for the Baltic Sea region. Publications of the Prime Minister’s Office 15a/2017.